Essential minerals are minerals that our body needs for growth and the production of bones, teeth, hair, blood, nerves, and skin. Essential minerals also play a major role in all bodily functions where they deliver other necessary nutrients and also critical if our body will produce the enzymes which are the building block for cellular chemical reactions. These essential minerals include calcium, chromium, copper, magnesium, manganese, potassium, iron, selenium, sodium, zinc, etc. They’re known as macro minerals because the RDA needed per day by our body is greater than 200 mg/day and as such very significant. On the other hand, our body needs minimal quantities of essential trace minerals, such as selenium, since their requirement falls below 200 mg RDA requirement. This is why they’re known as a trace or micro minerals.
It is worthy to note that RDA is a minimum quantity we as humans require to stay alive and not necessarily the very peak of health.
If there is a deficiency or overabundance of any mineral, there could be some symptoms as a result of hormonal imbalance which could provide an enabling environment for diseases to survive. Combining with other macronutrients, all essential minerals work hand in hand with each other as they’re also found connected by nature in raw foods, thereby making them available for human consumption, easy digestion, and aid the various functions of our body. This balance which we ought to maintain has however been upset because of over-consumption of animal proteins, unhealthy fats, and excessive carbohydrates, leaving us with poor nutrient absorption. To stay healthy, what we need to eat are rich food sources of essential minerals which abound in nature. Nutrient absorption, body detoxification, and digestion of food from the lymphatic system to the cardiovascular and muscular tissues can all be efficiently enhanced by consuming essential minerals from fresh vegetables.
In discussing the sources of essential minerals along protein and other nutrients, fruits, vegetables, meat, nuts, and beans, are paramount sources of minerals, with vegetables contributing the largest. Today, in most parts of the world, vegetables are now grown with commercial fertilizer despite the later containing on three primary minerals that the soil requires since most of the soils where vegetables are grown have been depleted of a huge percentage of natural components that are needed to establish the nutritive minerals. For adequate and optimum health for our body, most of the soil does require much more necessary input to support life. Depending on the different farming method used and local soil content, the variation in soil quality has also led to a variety of essential minerals in some of the foods we eat. Opinion polls suggest that to have a quality soil wherein the various soil nutrients that support preserves, and replenishes healthy levels of essential minerals; then organic farming methods must be employed.
Again, mineral salts and table salt contains some essential minerals as well as in water supplies, although the amounts therein often unknown and are widely variable. Another critical determinant of the quantity and quality of essential minerals we consume is the method of cooking and processing of our foods. Often, above 118 degrees in normal cooking, many minerals are compromised and lost because some of the enzymes which aid the delivery and use of the minerals are destroyed. Processes like crushing, blending, freezing, and processing all destroy vital nutrients. This makes it important that we take cognizance of the need to allow our bodies get the essential minerals in the right quality and quantity which will translate to a healthy bodily function.